Underwater Cave Survey in Quintana Roo Mexico Quintana Roo Speleological Survey
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Dry Caves and Sumps of Quintana Roo Mexico

Dry Caves to 1000 m in Length

 

 

last updated 05 January 2016

 


 

Cave exploration in Quintana Roo is normally focused on submerged passages due to regional geology, a shallow water table, and a historical penchant for underwater cave exploration. Although little is known about the extent or frequency of dry caves in Quintana Roo, our knowledge of these caves is expanding. We submit two catalogues as a foundation for understanding a further aspect of the karst of Quintana Roo. This information is by no means complete.

The first table (Dry Caves of Quintana Roo) lists caves that are not connected to an underwater cave through a surveyed sump. We limit the below roster to dry caves over 1000 meters in length. If you are interested in reviewing the entire list of reported dry caves, please go here for a full download.

 

QRSS reports data shared by independent survey groups. QRSS does not use cave depths reported by civilian GPS machines. We prefer to rely on reported underwater and dry cave survey depths from an upper cave entrance Zero Datum.

 

Expanded Dry Cave Report Here

 

Dry Caves of Quintana Roo
 
  Cave Name Length (Meters) Depth (Meters) # of Cave Entrances Reported Date
By
1 Sistema Chango Mistico 10984 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
2 Sist. Quijada de Jaguar (Jaguar Jaw) 10487 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
3 Sistema Dos Arboles 7920 -17.0 45 Sprouse Teams 08/2013
4 Sistema Rio Escondido (Cueva Dino) 6116 -13.0 11 Sprouse Teams 12/2013
5 Sistema Pulpo 4153 -15.0 14 P. Sprouse 12/2011
6 Cueva de Camaras 3811 -4.0 2 P. Sprouse 09/2014
7 Sist. Fauces de Jaguar (Jaguar Maw) 3257 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 04/2015
8 Jaguar Paw (Ox Balam name change) 2717 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 01/2015
9 Cueva Chéel Náajal 2127 ? 1? Sprouse Teams 12/2013
10 Cueva Carretera Perdida 2126 ? 1(?) Sprouse Teams 01/2015
11 Sistema Vivero (y C. de Templo) 2117 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
12 Sistema Texcoco 2007 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
13 Sistema del Tercer Ojo 1962 -5.3 (?) 5 (?) P. Sprouse 11/2010
14 Sistema Garganta de Jaguar (Jag. Craw) 1678 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 04/2015
15 C. Media Luna (Rancho Actun Chen) 1670 -6.0 1(?) P. Sprouse 09/3012
16 Sistema Alux Sur 1663 -3.0 5 F. Devos 09/2002
17 Cueva Winik Sateem 1472 ? 1(?) Sprouse Teams 12/2013
18 Sistema Belfast 1369 -7.0 8 P. Sprouse 07/2012
19 Sistema Paamul 1365 -5.0 2 P. Sprouse 03/2012
20 Sistema Panal 1362 -14.0 2 P. Sprouse 03/2012
21 Sistema Kana Kiwi 1341 -6.0 3 P. Sprouse 12/2011
22 Sistema Chu’úuy 1323 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 01/2015
23 Sistema Zumbango 1276 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
24 Aktun Zac 1204 -6.0 2 Sprouse Teams 08/2013
25 Sistema Tres Banderas 1093 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
26 Cueva del Higo Caido 1190 -8.0 1(?) Sprouse Teams 08/2013
27 Sistema Muevelo Rico 1151 -4.0 3 Sprouse Teams 08/2013
28 Aktun T'uyil 1101 ? ? Sprouse Teams 04/2015
29 Cueva la Bendicion 1065 -17.0 3 P. Sprouse 03/2012
30 Sistema Alux Oeste 1033 -3.0 4 F. Devos 04/2002
31 Cueva Tumba Poco Profunda 1022 ? 1(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
             
             
 

 

     

 

On occasion, both submerged and dry caves in Quintana Roo are connected by common tunnels. The table below lists surveyed cave assemblages where both underwater and dry sections are joined by a sump(s). The Total for each cave system indicates the true depth and length of the complete dry and wet cave.

 
Given the proximity of most underwater caves to the coast, we use the water table as Zero Datum for the list below. To simplify this list, the name of the cave system is mentioned first. Reported Sump Sections length sums the total of all sump surveys to or between dry sections. Reported Dry Cave Sections length sums the total of all dry surveys to or between sump sections.

The reported dry section depth is the deepest dry cave survey station reported from highest surveyed land surface entrance down to the water table (Zero Datum). Underwater surveys continue to the deepest surveyed station depth.

 
Underwater cave names and Sump Sections are not italicized. Dry Cave Sections are italicized. If you are interested in reviewing an expanded summary, please go here for a download.
 

Expanded Sumped Cave Report Here

 

Underwater Caves Connected to

Dry Caves in Quintana Roo

All Measurements in Meters

 

  Cave Name Length Depth Date  

1

Sistema Sac Actun

247971

-101.2

  09/2015  
  Sump Sections 83300

-119.2

  06/2014  
  Dry Cave Sections 5812

-11.0

  04/2013  
 

Total

337082

-130.2

   
             
2 Sistema K'oox Baal 76381 -26.2   11/2015  
  Sump Sections 201 -10.7   02/2010  
  Dry Cave Sections 615 -8.2   04/2012  
 

Total

77197 -34.4      
             
3 Sistema Xunaan Ha 52214 -27.1   05/2013  
  Sump Sections 1680 -21.0   08/2010  
  Dry Cave Sections 6551 -6.7   06/2011  
 

Total

60445 -33.8      
             
4 Sistema Pool Tunich 38825 -20.0   11/2015  
  Sump Sections 1510 -4.0   11/2015  
 

Total

40335 -24.0      
             
5 Sistema Garra de Jaguar (Jaguar Claw) 34392 ?   11/2015  
  Garra de Jaguar Sumps 191 ?   04/2015  
 

Total

34583 ?      
             
6 Sistema Ponderosa 15209 -20.4   08/2014  
  Cuevas Cech Chen and Corral 2147 -8.0   01/2015  
 

Total

17356 -28.4      
             
7 Sistema Sac Muul 13654 -21.0   11/2015  
  Sump Sections 20 -8.0   12/2011  
 

Total

13674 -29.0      
             
8 Sistema Cupul Ha 11027 -14.0   03/2014  
  Ka't Sump One 88 -6.7   12/2013  
  Dry Cave Sections 37 -0.0   03/2014  
 

Total

11152 -14.0      
             
9 Sistema Taj Majal 5463 -24.4   06/2010  
  Sump Sections 901 -14.3   07/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 70 -6.1   07/2012  
 

Total

6434 -30.5      
             
10 Sistema Guerreros Tails Sump 1679 -6.4   11/2015  
  Guerreros Orisha Sump 804 -6.4   11/2015  
  Dry Cave Sections 613 -9.1   03/2012  
 

Total

3095 -13.7      
             
11 Sistema Altar Tigre 2165 -8.4   09/2015  
  Sump Sections 442 -4.6   09/2014  
 

Total

2607 -13.0      
             
12 Sistema Casa del Jaguar 2419 -8.8   12/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 49 ?   12/2012  
 

Total

2468 -8.8      
             
13 Sistema Misterio Maya 1547 -11.3   01/2015  
  Dry Cave Sections 466 -2.1   02/2015  
 

Total

2013 -13.4      
             
14 Sistema Sac Pepem 2010 -14.3   07/2013  
  Sac Pepem Sump 29 -5.2   04/2013  
  Dry Cave Sections 21 ?   04/2013  
 

Total

2060 -14.3      
             
15 Sistema Trono 1397 -6.0   09/2014  
  Sump Sections 370 -22.9   09/2013  
 

Total

1767 -28.9      
             
16 Sistema Swan Lake Spring 1258 -14.6   05/2010  
  Sump Sections 58 -9.1   05/2010  
  Dry Cave Sections 320 -5.2   03/2010  
 

Total

1636 -19.8      
             
17 Sistema Taninah East 1254 -4.6   08/2013  
  Sump Sections 50 -12.2   08/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 187 -6.0   09/2012  
 

Total

1491 -18.2      
             
18 Sistema Walls 1137 -8.4   04/2012  
  Sump Sections 296 -3.4   04/2012  
 

Total

1433 -11.8      
             
19 Cenote Choko Pek 1276 -14.6   05/2009  
  Dry Cave Sections 30 -0.3   04/2009  
 

Total

1306 -14.9      
             
20 Sist. Dos Amores (Xibalba and Imix) 1091 0   09/2014  
  Dos Amores Sump 215 0   09/2014  
 

Total

1306 0      
             
21 Cenote Nauatilostotl Two 1226 -15.2   08/2015  
  Dry Cave Section 54 0   04/2014  
 

Total

1280 -15.2      
             
22 Cueva Cheen 827 -39.4   01/2014  
  Cueva Cheen Sumps 186 ?   01/2014  
 

Total

1013 -39.4      
             
22 Fatima Sump 930 -14.3   02/2014  
  Cueva Fatima 53 -2.7   02/2014  
 

Total

983 -17.0      
             
23 Sistema Aktun Sataal 636 -4.4   09/2008  
  Dry Cave Sections 265 -6.1   06/2008  
 

Total

901 -10.5      
             
24 Cueva de los Chicleros 682 -7.0   12/2013  
  Sump Sections 148 -4.0   04/2013  
 

Total

830 -11.0      
             
25 Cenote S. Butterfly 579 -11.3   08/2013  
  Cueva S. Butterfly 51 0   08/2013  
 

Total

630 -11.3      
             
26 Sistema Pepem Actun Sur 562 -21.6   03/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 36 -7.5   03/2012  
 

Total

598 -29.1      
             
27 Cenote Avicola 434 -19.8   06/2010  
  Dry Cave Sections 135 -2.7   06/2010  
 

Total

569 -22.5      
             
28 Cenote Xuux Kanan 463 -13.7   01/2014  
  Dry Cave Section 8 -4.6   01/2014  
 

Total

471 -18.3      
             
29 Cenote Nauatilostotl Two 390 -15.2   04/2014  
  Dry Cave Section 54 0   04/2014  
 

Total

444 -15.2      
             
30 Cueva de Las Ruinas 377 -5.5   07/2001  
  Dry Cave Sections 53 -6.4   07/2001  
 

Total

430 -11.9      
             
31 Cenote Carita 324 -22.0   08/2015  
  Cueva Carita 33 0   08/2015  
 

Total

357 -22.0      
             
32 Sistema Kaape Culche Sump 188 -3.0   01/2014  
  Cueva Kaape Culche 81 -0.3   01/2014  
  Cueva Bat 37 0.0   01/2014  
  Kaape Culche Piedra Sump 32 -3.0   01/2014  
 

Total

338 -3.3      
             
33 Cenote Chac Chi 284 -6.4   10/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 22 -5.4   10/2012  
 

Total

306 -11.8      
             
34 Sistema Actun Can 209 -6.7   01/2011  
  Dry Cave Sections 27 -3.7   01/2011  
 

Total

236 -10.4      
             
35 Cueva Beh Et Oox Ha 124 -8.4   04/2014  
  Beh Et Oox Ha Sump 90 -7.9   04/2014  
 

Total

214 -16.3      
             
36 Pol Tunich East Sump 76 -9.8   12/2013  
  Pol Tunich West Sump 65 -9.8   12/2013  
  Dry Cave Section 23 -0.0   12/2013  
 

Total

164 -9.8      
             
37 Cuevas Lorenzo 50 -2.1   03/2002  
  Dry Cave Sections 76 -6.1 03/2002  
 

Total

126 -8.2      
             
38 Sifon La Tumba 60 -3.0 08/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 44 -1.0 08/2012  
 

Total

104 -4.0    
           

 

 

 

 

   
   
 

Updates and corrections are welcome: chac<at>consolidated.net

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