Underwater Cave Survey in Quintana Roo Mexico Quintana Roo Speleological Survey
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Dry Caves and Sumps of Quintana Roo Mexico

Dry Caves to 1000 m in Length

 

 

last updated 02 October.2016

 


 

Cave exploration in Quintana Roo is normally focused on submerged passages due to regional geology, a shallow water table, and a historical penchant for underwater cave exploration. Although little is known about the extent or frequency of dry caves in Quintana Roo, our knowledge of these caves is expanding. We submit two catalogues as a foundation for understanding a further aspect of the karst of Quintana Roo. This information is by no means complete.

The first table (Dry Caves of Quintana Roo) lists caves that are not connected to an underwater cave through a surveyed sump. We limit the below roster to dry caves over 1000 meters in length. If you are interested in reviewing the entire list of reported dry caves, please go here for a full download.

 

The second table (Sumps of Quintana Roo) lists caves connected by underwater and dry cave passages. We limit this roster to caves in excess of 1500 meters. A full account of dry and underwater caves is available. Follow the attached links.

 

QRSS reports data shared by independent survey groups. QRSS does not use cave depths reported by civilian GPS machines. We prefer to rely on reported underwater and dry cave survey depths from the highest cave entrance Zero Datum.

 

Expanded Dry Cave Report Here

 

Dry Caves of Quintana Roo
 
  Cave Name Length (Meters) Depth (Meters) # of Cave Entrances Reported Date
By
1 Sistema Chango Mistico 12006 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 03/2016
2 Sist. Quijada de Jaguar (Jaguar Jaw) 10781 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 03/2016
3 Sistema Dos Arboles 7951 -17.0 45 Sprouse Teams 03/2016
4 Sistema Rio Escondido (Cueva Dino) 6116 -13.0 11 Sprouse Teams 12/2013
5 Sistema del Vivero (y C. del Templo) 4176 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 03/2016
6 Sistema Pulpo 4153 -15.0 14 P. Sprouse 12/2011
7 Cueva de Camaras 3811 -4.0 2 P. Sprouse 09/2014
8 Sistema Aktun Chen (Commercial Cave) 3540 ? 4(?) Sprouse Teams 03/2016
9 Sist. Fauces de Jaguar (Jaguar Maw) 3417 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 0422016
10 Jaguar Paw (Ox Balam name change) 2717 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 01/2015
11 Cueva Carretera Perdida 2204 ? 1(?) Sprouse Teams 02/2016
12 Cueva Chéel Náajal 2127 ? 1? Sprouse Teams 12/2013
13 Aktun T'uyil 1968 ? ? Sprouse Teams 02/2016
14 Sistema del Tercer Ojo 1962 -5.3 (?) 5 (?) P. Sprouse 11/2010
15 Sistema Garganta de Jaguar (Jag. Craw) 1678 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 04/2015
16 C. Media Luna (Rancho Actun Chen) 1670 -6.0 1(?) P. Sprouse 09/3012
17 Sistema Alux Sur 1663 -3.0 5 F. Devos 09/2002
18 Actun Zac 1591 ? ? Sprouse Teams 03/2016
19 Sistema Chu’úuy 1482 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 02/2016
20 Cueva Winik Sateem 1472 ? 1(?) Sprouse Teams 12/2013
21 Sistema Belfast 1369 -7.0 8 P. Sprouse 07/2012
22 Sistema Paamul 1365 -5.0 2 P. Sprouse 03/2012
23 Sistema Panal 1362 -14.0 2 P. Sprouse 03/2012
24 Sistema Kana Kiwi 1341 -6.0 3 P. Sprouse 12/2011
25 Chichan Kin Belai (Solstice) 1296 ? 1(?) Sprouse Teams 02/2016
26 Cueva del Higo Caido 1190 -8.0 1(?) Sprouse Teams 08/2013
27 Sistema Muevelo Rico 1151 -4.0 3 Sprouse Teams 08/2013
28 Sistema Tres Banderas 1093 ? 2(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
29 Cueva la Bendicion 1065 -17.0 3 P. Sprouse 03/2012
30 Sistema Alux Oeste 1033 -3.0 4 F. Devos 04/2002
31 Cueva Tumba Poco Profunda 1022 ? 1(?) Sprouse Teams 11/2015
             
             
 

 

     

 

On occasion, both submerged and dry caves in Quintana Roo are connected by common tunnels. The table below lists surveyed cave assemblages where both underwater and dry sections are joined by a sump(s). The Total for each cave system indicates the true depth and length of the complete dry and wet cave.

 
Given the proximity of most underwater caves to the coast, we use the water table as Zero Datum for the list below. To simplify this list, the name of the cave system is mentioned first. Reported Sump Sections length sums the total of all sump surveys to or between dry sections. Reported Dry Cave Sections length sums the total of all dry surveys to or between sump sections.

The reported dry section depth is the deepest dry cave survey station reported from highest surveyed land surface entrance down to the water table (Zero Datum). Underwater surveys continue to the deepest surveyed station depth.

 
Underwater cave names and Sump Sections are not italicized. Dry Cave Sections are italicized. If you are interested in reviewing an expanded summary, please go here for a download.
 

Expanded Sumped Cave Report Here

 

Underwater Caves Connected to

Dry Caves in Quintana Roo

All Measurements in Meters

 

  Cave Name Length Depth Date  

1

Sistema Sac Actun

252695

-101.2

  05/2016  
  Sump Sections 83300

-119.2

  06/2014  
  Dry Cave Sections 5911

-11.0

  09/2016  
 

Total

341907

-130.2

   
             
2 Sistema K'oox Baal 89815 -26.2   09/2016  
  Sump Sections 201 -10.7   02/2010  
  Dry Cave Sections 625 -8.2   04/2012  
 

Total

90649 -34.4      
             
3 Sistema Xunaan Ha 52214 -27.1   05/2013  
  Sump Sections 1680 -21.0   08/2010  
  Dry Cave Sections 6551 -6.7   06/2011  
 

Total

60445 -33.8      
             
4 Sistema Garra de Jaguar (Jaguar Claw) 41136 ?   03/2016  
  Garra de Jaguar Sumps 191 ?   04/2015  
 

Total

41327 ?      
             
5 Sistema Pool Tunich 38825 -20.0   11/2015  
  Sump Sections 1510 -4.0   11/2015  
 

Total

40335 -24.0      
             
6 Sistema Ponderosa 15209 -20.4   08/2014  
  Cuevas Cech Chen and Corral 2147 -8.0   01/2015  
 

Total

17356 -28.4      
             
7 Sistema Sac Muul 13654 -21.0   11/2015  
  Sump Sections 20 -8.0   12/2011  
 

Total

13674 -29.0      
             
8 Sistema Zumpango 12385 ?   03/2016  
  Sistema Zumpango Sumps 378 ?   03/2016  
 

Total

12763 ?   03/2016  
             
9 Sistema Sac Kai (Paachil Nah) 10064 -15.2   05/2016  
  Sump Sections 1049 -15.8   05/2016  
  Dry Cave Sections 316 -8.4   04/2014  
 

Total

11429 -24.2      
             
10 Sistema Cupul Ha 11027 -14.0   03/2014  
  Ka't Sump One 88 -6.7   12/2013  
  Dry Cave Sections 37 -0.0   03/2014  
 

Total

11152 -14.0      
             
11 Sistema Taj Majal 5463 -24.4   06/2010  
  Sump Sections 901 -14.3   07/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 70 -6.1   07/2012  
 

Total

6434 -30.5      
             
12 Sistema Guerreros Tails Sump 1679 -6.4   11/2015  
  Guerreros Orisha Sump 804 -6.4   11/2015  
  Dry Cave Sections 613 -9.1   03/2012  
 

Total

3095 -13.7      
             
13 Sistema Altar Tigre 2165 -8.4   09/2015  
  Sump Sections 442 -4.6   09/2014  
 

Total

2607 -13.0      
             
14 Sistema Casa del Jaguar 2419 -8.8   12/2012  
  Dry Cave Sections 49 ?   12/2012  
 

Total

2468 -8.8      
             
15 Sistema Misterio Maya 1547 -11.3   01/2015  
  Dry Cave Sections 466 -2.1   02/2015  
 

Total

2013 -13.4      
             
16 Sistema Sac Pepem 2010 -14.3   07/2013  
  Sac Pepem Sump 29 -5.2   04/2013  
  Dry Cave Sections 21 ?   04/2013  
 

Total

2060 -14.3      
             
17 Sistema Trono 1397 -6.0   09/2014  
  Sump Sections 370 -22.9   09/2013  
 

Total

1767 -28.9      
             
18 Sistema Swan Lake Spring 1258 -14.6   05/2010  
  Sump Sections 58 -9.1   05/2010  
  Dry Cave Sections 320 -5.2   03/2010  
 

Total

1636 -19.8      
             
19 Sistema Tres Banderas 1472 ?   02/2016  
  Sump Sections 80 ?   02/2016  
 

Total

1552 ?      
             

 

 

 

 

   
   
 

Updates and corrections are welcome: chac<at>consolidated.net

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