Bulletin of the National Speleological Society - ISSN 0146-9517
Volume 27 Number 2: 35-46 - April 1965

A publication of the National Speleological Society

Development of Tower Karst of China and North Vietnam
Jan Silar


The present paper deals with the origin of the tower or cone karst [Turmkarst, Kegelkarst] in southern China and North Vietnam. Proof is given of its origin in early Tertiary times under tropical climatic conditions. Later the climate changed and some areas were uplifted so that at present the tower karst occurs not only in the tropics but also outside that climatic zone. The early Tertiary tower karst of southeastern Asia is analogous to that of other areas in Asia and Europe where tower karst is preserved below later Tertiary deposits or where it has been modified by the Pleistocene periglacial climate.

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