The NSS Bulletin - ISSN 1090-6924
Volume 37 Number 1: 9-15 - January 1975

A publication of the National Speleological Society

An Investigation of Up and Down Cave, Rockcastle County, Kentucky
James C. Currens


Up and Down Cave was mapped and the geologic features observed in the passages were described. Analysis of water from the cave stream by atomic-absorption spectrometry yielded a rough determination of the toal calcuim and magnesium content of the water.

Development of the cave has been characterized by the formation of recessional gorges. Waterfalls retreating along channels developed at the tops of shale beds created vadose canyons in alignment with one or more major joints. The canyons have been divided into pseudolevles by breakdown bridging and by shale plugging.

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