The NSS Bulletin - ISSN 1090-6924
Volume 49 Number 1: 15-25 - June 1987

A publication of the National Speleological Society

The Identification of Horner's and Heaton's Niter Works, Bath County, Virginia
Marion O. Smith


Two Civil War niter works in Bath County, Virginia, Horner's and Heaton's, are correlated through documentation with modern known Williams and Mountain Grove Saltpeter caves. Although there is little known about the caves proper, specific data about the size, duties, and pay of the personnel employed at the two works is presented, along with information about the organization of Confiderate Niter District 4, reports of Union raids, and sketchy estimates of the saltpeter produced.

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