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Mid-Appalachian Region of
the National Speleological Society


(FORMER) CONSTITUTION

Adopted at Shippensburg, PA on October 11, 1953
Revised by MAR Council on October 5, 1957
* Incorporated into new Bylaws August 26, 2009 --> Click "Here"

Article I - Name
The name of this region shall be the Mid-Appalachian Region (MAR) of the National Speleological Society (NSS).

Article II - Subordination
The Constitution and By-Laws of the NSS shall be binding on this region.

Article III - Purpose
The purpose of this region shall be to promote fellowship among its members and to advance the science of Speleology.

Article IV - Members and Grottos
This region shall be comprised of National Speleological Society Grottos and members located or residing within the bounds of the Region.

Article V - Regional Council
The governing body of the Region shall be a Regional Council. The Regional Council shall consist of the officers of the Region, representatives from each member Grotto, and regional members not affiliated with any Grotto. No council member may exercise more than one vote at council meetings.

Article VI - Organization
    A. Executive Committee
    The current officers shall act as a nominating committee to select a slate of candidates for Regional Officers, consisting of three regular members of the NSS chosen from the MAR to serve for a term running from one January 1st to the next.

    The slate, with secret ballot, shall be given to all members present at the Fall Meet of the MAR. The ballots shall be counted on the same day.

    If an election is not held at the Fall MAR Meet, the slate of candidates shall be distributed to the Regional Council by mail-in election.

    B. Officers
    The newly elected officers shall determine among themselves who shall fill the positions of Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and Secretary.

Article VII - Amendments
Amendments to this constitution may be proposed by a two-thirds vote of the Regional Council. A proposed amendment shall become effective upon its ratification by a majority of the Grottos of the Region provided this ratification occurs within one year of its proposal.


(FORMER) BY-LAWS
Revised March 1, 1986
Revised February 24, 2007
* Revised August 26, 2009 --> Click "Here"


Article I - Regional Council Meeting

    A. Meeting notification: The time and place of the Regional Council meetings may be designated by either the chairman or the council. Notice of every Council meeting must be mailed to all Regional Officers and Grottos at least two weeks before the meeting.

    B. Quorum: Twenty percent of the Regional Council shall constitute a quorum.

    C. Conduct of Meeting: Roberts Rules of Order, revised edition, shall be the parliamentary authority for all Regional Council meetings.

Article II - Officers
    A. Chairman: The Chairman shall direct the affairs of the Region but shall be subordinate to the Council. The Chairman shall preside at Council meetings.

    B. Vice-Chairman: The Vice-Chairman shall perform duties as assigned by the Chairman and the Regional Council. The Vice-Chairman shall assume the authority and duties of the Chairman in case of the Chairman's resignation or inability to serve. The Vice-Chairman shall assume that portion of the Chairman's visitation and representation duties that the Chairman deems necessary.

    C. Secretary: The Secretary shall keep the minutes of all Council meetings, be custodian of the records, and conduct correspondence as directed by the Chairman.

Article III - Standing Committees
The Regional Chairman shall make all appointments to the standing committees.
    A. Region Cave File: The Region Cave File Committee shall collect data on caves within the Region.

    B. Program: The Program Committee shall plan and conduct the Spring and Fall Meets subject to the approval of the Regional Chairman.

    C. Publication: The Publication Committee shall publish the Mid-Appalachian Bulletins.

Article IV - Regional Territory
The Regional territory shall include Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, and southern New Jersey.

Article V - Meetings
    A. Annual Meeting: There shall be an annual Regional Business Meeting at a time and place designated by the Regional Officers.

    B. Field Meets: There shall be a Spring and Fall Regional Field Meet at a time and place designated by the Regional Officers.

Article VI - Amendments
These By-Laws may be admended by a two-thirds vote of the Regional Council.


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Last Updated: March 2010
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