Journal of Cave and Karst Studies - ISSN 0146-9517
Volume 59 Number 2: 67-80 - August 1997

A publication of the National Speleological Society

Development and Morphology of Kazumura Cave, Hawaii
Kevin Allred and Carlene Allred


Kazumura Cave is a lava tube located in Puna District on the Island of Hawaii. A brief description and history of the cave is included. Compass and tape surveys in 1994 and 1995 extended the system significantly. This provided an excellent opportunity to study a long master lava tube. Lava deposition and thermal erosion are primary factors affecting the cave morphology. This is demonstrated by passage configuration, multiple levels, invasion of extraneous tubes, and the development of lava falls. Other tube features such as windows, balconies, and rafted breakdown are also discussed. Some features in Kazumura Cave are similar to those associated with carbonate caves and surface water streams.

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